Reply to 3 peer initial posts to the original discussion question.150words min each reply and include direct questions. – coursefighter.com
Business Finance – coursefighter.com
Original Question: Describe the “Life Cycle Management” process and define some of the critical program events. Additionally, we’ll use this week to discuss your week four abstract.
STUDENT 1: Michael
Life cycle management occurs from the cradle to the grave.The life cycle management process begins with identifying user needs, includes research; development; production; deployment; support; upgrade, and concludes with demilitarization and disposal.The costs during each of these phases are considered life cycle costs.Once a need for the end user has been identified, then the solution must be defined.Research defines the what and begins to form a how of the resolution of the battlefield deficit.The how continues to be resolved in the development phase as the product is defined.The production phase occurs in the actual creation of the solution.The product then finds its way back into the hands of the end user, and this process is defined by deployment.Support and upgrade occur during the use of the product.Here, a product is maintained and improved.This includes everything from technical support to modernizing an older technology.When a solution becomes obsolete it moves to the end of its life cycle, in demilitarization and disposal.
The life cycle process occurs when it moves through material analysis and then passes through milestone A.Once milestone A has been passed technology development leads us to milestone B.This is the pre-systems acquisition phase, and here the initial capabilities document is built.Completion of this begins system acquisition.Milestone B is the pivot point into this section.It is the true program initiation.It includes, engineering and manufacturing development, production, and deployment.This portion of the acquisitions process will bring a program through milestone C and IOC.The Capabilities development document is completed and the Capability Production Document (CPD) is initiated.Achieving full operational capability is the flag which signifies a shift into sustainment.Sustainment continues to develop the CPD and includes operations and support.
My abstract for this week will focus on an article which first appears to be about the USPS, but the article continues on to address how the executive and legislative branches of government function in regards to the acquisition processes, focusing on regulation.Additionally, it touches on DoD policy and how it is blended into the acquisitions regulation process.I usually try to find articles which are relevant to the course objective.Usually this is easy.To find an article which wasn’t simply a scribed congressional hearing, about something other than ethics, and was peer reviewed was excellent.
STUDENT 2: Adam
Joint programs are managed within the defense acquisition management life cycle framework described in DoD Instruction 5000.2, Operation of the Defense Acquisition System. The instruction provides the policies and principles that govern the defense acquisition system and forms the foundation for all DoD programs that include weapon systems, services, and Automated Information Systems.
This framework contains decision points and phases of the life cycle to assist in the management of all acquisition programs. Joint PMs structure their program to best accomplish the objectives of the defense acquisition system: to acquire quality products that satisfy the warfighter’s needs with measurable improvements to mission capability and operational support, in a timely manner, and at a fair and reasonable price.
The phases and critical events in the lifecycle management are; materiel solution analysis phase, Milestone A, technology development phase, Milestone B, engineering and manufacturing development phase, integrated system design, post-critical design review assessment, system capability and manufacturing process demonstration, Milestone C, production and deployment phase, low-rate initial production, full-Rate production decision review, full-rate production and deployment, then lastly the operations and support phase. As you can see there are a lot of steps to make an object fully functional.
Contracting Issues: Are Owners Getting What They Ask for?
Are you an owner that, “has problems with your competitively bid contracts, or your contract results unpredictable or perhaps predictably variable? Do you feel that as the owner you have little control over contract results?” In this article they review some ways to eliminate these contracting issues to help better you as the owner.
STUDENT 3: Tyler
Good evening class,
This week we are to describe the life cycle management process and discuss our abstract. The life cycle management process consists of multiple phases that are then separated into milestones. These milestones provide the project manager a general idea in which to review programs, monitor progress and make corrections. The phases of the life cycle process consist of research, development, production, deployment, support, upgrade, and demilitarization and disposal. Research is done to provide insight on what user needs are, and what technology and resources are available to implement a product or program to meet user needs. There are three categories that include pre-systems acquisition, systems acquisition , and sustainment. Pre-systems acquisition is comprised of material solution analysis, material development decision, and technology development. All of this has to be approved in the initial capabilities document.Materiel development decision is the formal entry into the acquisition process. The materiel solution analysis provides insight on the best way to achieve the most efficient and effective system solution and provides innovation and competition. After the materielsolution analysis is milestone A, followed by the technology development phase. This phase reduces technology risk and determines the appropriate set of technologies to be implemented. This is then followed by milestone B and starts the engineering and manufacturing development phase. This is followed by milestone C and then into initial operational capability and final operational capability. This includes production and development, followed by operation and support/sustainability.
My abstract will be on legal ethics in acquisitions and contracting. I found a paper from the college of business at Athens State University that explains why doing the right thing matters. It also lists issues associated with unethical behavior in acquisitions and contracting.